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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-16

Use of laparoscopy in the management of abdominal trauma: a center experience

Department of General Surgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Morsi Mohamed
Department of General Surgery, Zagazig University, Zagazig
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-1121.153365

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Background The role of laparoscopy in diagnosis as well as therapeutic interventions has increased markedly in the last few years. In trauma, it has become a viable alternative for the diagnosis of intra-abdominal injury following penetrating and blunt trauma. The number of negative and/or nontherapeutic laparotomies performed has decreased since the use of laparoscopy in diagnosis and management. Patients and methods Sixty-five patients with abdominal trauma (21 blunt trauma, 44 penetrating trauma) were treated by the Trauma Team at the Emergency Unit of Zagazig University from November 2011 to August 2014 using laparoscopy for diagnosis. All patients underwent a physical examination, ultrasound, and computed tomography (abdomen and pelvis). Laparoscopy was used in the management of these patients through three trocars: one for 30° scope and two working trocars. Results In our series, we avoided laparotomy in 81.5% (53/65) of cases. Therapeutic laparoscopy was effective in 15 patients: six patients with stomach penetrations, four with liver lacerations, three with diaphragmatic injuries, and two with splenic lacerations. Conclusion Laparoscopy can be performed safely and effectively in stable patients with abdominal trauma.

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